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Wednesday, July 29, 2020 | History

2 edition of Studies in biological fouling film formation and biocidal removal. found in the catalog.

Studies in biological fouling film formation and biocidal removal.

Paul Charles Miller

Studies in biological fouling film formation and biocidal removal.

by Paul Charles Miller

  • 392 Want to read
  • 13 Currently reading

Published by University of Birmingham,Department of Chemical Engineering in Birmingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (M.Sc.)-University of Birmingham, 1979.

ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19741472M

In this work, a membrane-based process for the purification and concentration of antioxidant compounds from aqueous Goji (Lycium barbarum L.) berry extracts was investigated. The aqueous extract was previously clarified with hollow fiber ultrafiltration (UF) membranes in order to remove suspended solids and β-carotene and to produce a clarified extract enriched in phenolic compounds.   A different study used polystyrene coated with nonionic surfactants containing poly (ethylene oxide), a brush coating, to study its effect on biofilm formation by S. epidermidis. The study observed that Pluronic F was the most active surfactant, as it achieved 90% inhibition of S. epidermidis biofilm.

  G. Pavanello, A. Mollica, and M. Faimali, “ Wrapped by bacteria - Biofilm detection and removal in paper mills,” Journal of Science & Technology for Forest Products and Processes, 4, accepted in press (). (Trade name) are electrochemical sensors of bio-film formation on metallic alloys in aqueous solutions. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to o lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.

Department of Biological Sciences. University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA Not proficient in English? Try the Belarusian version. Or the Slovak version. Or the Latvian version. Abstract. Biofilm formation is a major factor in the growth and transport of both desirable and undesirable bacteria as well as fouling and. The fouling process starts from the moment the surface is immersed in water and takes place in three main stages: 1 formation of a conditioning film, microfouling and macrofouling. The conditioning film, comprised of organic molecules (e.g. proteins) attached to the surface, forms within the first minutes and sets the scene for further.


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Studies in biological fouling film formation and biocidal removal by Paul Charles Miller Download PDF EPUB FB2

AbstractThe bacterial and eukaryotic communities forming biofilms on six different antifouling coatings, three biocidal and three fouling-release, on boards statically submerged in a marine environment were studied using next-generation sequencing. Sequenced amplicons of bacterial 16S ribosomal DNA and eukaryotic ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer were assigned Cited by: 1.

Abstract. The deposition and growth of biologically active material, or biofouling, is inherent to most non-sterile aqueous environments. Such a phenomenon is particularly associated with industrial cooling water processes and is a major contributor to operating : I.

Mott, T. Bott. Biofouling or biological fouling is the accumulation of microorganisms, plants, algae, or small animals on wetted surfaces that have a mechanical function, causing structural or other functional deficiencies.

Such accumulation is referred to as epibiosis when the host surface is another organism and the relationship is not parasitic. Antifouling is the ability of specifically designed. J.A. Lewis, in Advances in Marine Antifouling Coatings and Technologies, Introduction.

Antifouling paints that continuously release one or more biocides through the paint surface have been the primary method of antifouling prevention on ships and other marine vessels for more than a century. However, by necessity, antifouling biocides are toxic, and can cause secondary environmental.

Biofilm formation is a complex process and it involves adhesion, growth, proliferation, inhibition, cell–cell communication, and so on. Reports have shown that more than genes/proteins are involved in biofilm formation [].

Therefore, an integrated study is required to understand the exact molecular mechanisms of biofilm formation. The current study investigated the abundance and composition of fouling diatom communities developed on 11 commercially available biocidal antifouling coatings, covering the.

proper film formation, usually by a room easy removal of fouling from hulls coated indicating that humics also played an important role in membrane fouling.

This study demonstrated the use. In inorganic fouling, the fouling mechanism involves, first, the accumulation of particles on the membrane surface and inside the pores and, finally, cake layer formation. 10 Biologically active organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, and algae, cause membrane biofouling as they adhere to the membrane and grow to form biofilms.

The interaction. and eV with decreasing plasma duty cycle during film formation. Whereas the C–C peak dominates for the 1/20 ms duty cycle film, it is less in the lower duty cycle films.

Overall, the relative importance of the higher binding energy peaks corresponding to C=O and –C(O)O functionalities are. In this review, we examine bacterial adhesion, biofilm formation and several instances of focal bacterial attack on colonised surfaces. However, pathogenic biofilms and the fouling of biological surfaces, with the exception of caries formation, is outside the scope of this paper.

Surfaces contacting blood have received the most careful scrutiny, and first revealed the general features of biological response later found in other circumstances [3], like milk fouling of pasteurizers [4], oceanic fouling of heat exchangers [5], cell culture propagation [6] and dental plaque formation [7].

Fouling of Film Forming Cooling Tower Fills - A Mechanistic Approach: J.S. Gill, M.A. Yorke, R.M. Donlan & D.L. Gibbon, Calgon Corp.

Abstract: Fouling of high efficiency film forming cooling tower fill is a major water problem facing the industry, especially the utility industry. The paper focuses on the three main processes responsible. The existence of different types of fouling demands a variety of antifouling coating strategies, including fouling‐resistant, fouling‐release and fouling‐degrading coatings (Figure 1).

Fouling‐resistant: prevents adhesion of proteins, algae, and/or bacteria, often attributed to the formation of a strongly hydrated surface, as this. Since then, numerous studies have confirmed the positive correlation of EPS concentration with the membrane fouling rate.

Nevertheless, despite the influence of EPS on the biological activity, and especially on the bio-film formation, recent research tends to focus more on the effect of its soluble fraction (SMP) on fouling.

In Pseudomonas aeruginosa, one of the best studied models for biofilm formation, this process is mediated by rhamnolipids forewarning bacterial fouling. Species dependent variation of such molecules can be used for the precise identification of the microorganisms, as revealed by studies.

Biological fouling is a major problem that results in significant environmen tal impacts, both directly and indirectly through the misuse and misapplication of biocides.

The biocide business in the United States is a multibillion dollar business, and there are a number of Fortune companies with products and services designed to control. Most studies suggest that coagulation controls colloidal fouling (i.e., pore blockage) and removes the HMW fraction of natural organic matter (NOM), thus reducing NOM fouling.

Gray et al. () argued that coagulation's fouling control mechanism was the removal of LMW organics (with an adsorption peak at nm), which ‘glue’ colloids to. Aggregate of microorganisms in which cells that are frequently embedded within a self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) adhere to each other and/or to a surface.

Note 1: A biofilm is a system that can be adapted internally to environmental conditions by its inhabitants. Note 2: The self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substances, which is also referred to. The film displayed evident FR performance against U. linza even at low block copolymer loadings (1 and 4 wt %), and the diatoms were also easily removed from the surface.

The amphiphiles are able to migrate to the surface driven by the low SFE fluorinated segments during film formation, achieving excellent fouling resistance or FR performance. general. The term biological filters or biofilters used in wastewater treatment includes all the processes that combine biological purification through attached growth with the retention of suspended solids.

This technique applies thin biological films that are regularly renewed by washing (12 to 48 hours cycles). This provides a biomass with a concentration and, especially, an activity that. Organic fouling of reverse osmosis (RO) membranes and its relation to foulant−foulant intermolecular adhesion forces has been investigated.

Alginate and Suwannee River natural organic matter were used as model organic foulants. Atomic force microscopy was utilized to determine the adhesion force between bulk organic foulants and foulants deposited on the membrane surface under various.Zargiel et al.

published an extensive study on the multi-species diatom fouling of a myriad of coatings including commercial foul-releasers, copper-based surfaces and non-copper biocidal coatings.

They found that certain diatoms like Amphora adhere more strongly to FR coatings than on biocide-based coatings demonstrating the inefficacies of.The study also stated that the compound that performed best was a hydrogen peroxide/peroxyacetic acid-based compound, which apparently has the ability to penetrate the film, facilitating removal of the film.

If biofilms are a concern in your operation, work with your chemical supplier to select and evaluate a system to eliminate the problem.